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Gum Bleeding: Causes And Treatment

May 12, 2023
Gum Bleeding: Causes And Treatment

Are you staying around Quincy? Do a Google search by typing dentist near Quincy MA and you will find Spring Dental Clinic on top for gum bleeding treatment.

Almost everyone experiences a minimal amount of bleeding from the gum at various times in their life. The gums are soft and have a rich blood supply, therefore, they are likely to bleed more than other mucosal areas. While most commonly following trauma, multiple other causes exist which all require medical attention. You may notice your gum bleeding when you brush your teeth too hard or forget to floss for a long time, but definitely do not ignore it. You’ll never know what the cause of your bleeding gums could have been and it’s always better to be safe than sorry. As such, read on to find out more about bleeding gums and do drop by a dentist like those from a dentist near Quincy MA if you need medical attention.

Causes Of Bleeding Gums

  • Trauma: Injury to the gums from vigorous brushing or flossing and other external injuries can lead to bleeding
  • Clotting Problems: In certain medical conditions, the individual is unable to clot their blood properly. This is noted as bleeding in response to even trivial injury. This is seen in many genetic clotting disorders.
  • Low Platelets: The platelets are small cellular elements in the blood that help initiate the formation of a clot plug. A decrease can occur in many systemic illnesses including liver disease, kidney disease, infections, diseases in the blood and bone marrow, autoimmune diseases.
  • Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums.
  • Medication side effects: A blood thinner is used to prevent clotting in certain medical conditions. An increased effect of the drug can cause bleeding
  • Vitamin C Deficiency: Vitamin C is essential for the formation of connective tissue. Its deficiency will lead to weakening and bleeding of gums’
  • Swollen Gums: Many drugs like phenytoin (anti-seizure), calcium channel blockers (antihypertensive), cyclosporine (immunosuppressant) can cause an increase in the size of the gums. These large gums have a tendency to bleed more if even slightly injured.

Symptoms Of Bleeding Gums

The individual may experience bleeding from the gums on brushing or flossing. Additional symptoms that may be present are as follows:

  • Bruises: clotting disorders can also present with blood in the skin tissue appearing as a bruise
  • Small Red Pin-Like Rash: These occur in low platelet states from tiny bleeds into the skin
  • Bleeding From The Nose: An overall clotting disease can demonstrate this
  • Swollen reddish gums

Diagnosis Of Bleeding Gums

The Spring Dental dentist near Quincy MA would evaluate the complaint of bleeding gums through the following steps:

  • A complete physical exam including a skin and oral exam. The skin is examined for bruises and rash. A dental exam is recommended to evaluate the teeth and the gums
  • Complete Blood Count: to check the platelet count and the haemoglobin which might be low from blood loss
  • Coagulation Panel: This includes the Prothrombin Time (PT), International Normalised Ratio (INR), aPTT (activated partial thromboplastin time), and clotting factor levels. These can provide information of the type of factor affected and helps monitor any disease
  • Imaging of the jaws to look for impacted teeth.

Treatment of Bleeding Gums

Treatment depends on the underlying cause of bleeding gums. And of course, our Spring Dental dentist near Quincy MA is there to figure out those underlying causes in order to recommend an effective treatment.

  • Eating softer food helps reduce the tendency toward trauma
  • Avoiding vigorous brushing
  • Correct clotting disorder if present
  • Vitamin C supplementation if deficient


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